Competitive climbing is frequently performed indoors on a constructed climbing wall. However, there are various categories of competitive climbing. The main 3 include leading, speed, and bouldering. The International Federation of Sport Climbing, IFSC, is in charge of many commonly used regulations and organizes various international competitions in regards to the different climbing categories. Interestingly, sport climbing is set to enter the Olympics for the first time in 2020.
As for the categories of competitive climbing, leading involves climbing the wall within a set duration. In speed competitions, the person who climbs the set climbing route the fastest wins. In bouldering, winning depends on the number of climbing problems a competitor was able to overcome, without the use of a rope.