Spondylolisthesis frequently occurs at the bottom of the spine, where it attaches to the pelvis. Common causes include a fracture causing the vertebrae body to slip forward, a defect at birth, infection, or disease. Many with this condition often experience low back pain, muscle stiffness or tightness, and sometimes pain in the buttocks or legs.
The most common treatment method for spondylolisthesis is physical therapy and massage. Massage, in combination with physical therapy, can help relax tense and tight muscles, and strengthen the low back and abdominal muscles. In severe cases, surgery is considered where the vertebrae are fused together.