Piriformis syndrome is a condition where the small piriformis muscle becomes tight or spasms. When this happens, it often compresses on the sciatic nerve causing pain in the buttocks and sometimes, down the legs.
The piriformis muscles is an external rotator muscle of the hip. It helps to rotate the thigh away from the body. In turn, we can walk and shift our weight as we please.
However, sitting for long periods of time or repetitive movements can cause stress on the piriformis muscle. This leads to a tightening or spasming of the piriformis. Rest and ice will often help alleviate the pain and reduce symptoms. Further treatment options include physiotherapy and massage therapy. In physiotherapy and massage therapy, manual techniques and stretching exercises are used to help reduce pain levels and prevent recurrence.