Diagnosing plantar fasciitis is fairly simple. The condition presents tenderness along the edges of the sole with sharp pain at the inside arch of the heel. Other conditions that could have similar symptoms such as a fracture or tumor can be ruled out with x-rays. Often too, the cause of the injury is clear as in the case of a skydiver landing incorrectly.
Once plantar fasciitis has been determined as the cause of pain, your doctor will prescribe a basic regimen of ice application to cut the inflammation and reduce the pain. Medications may be indicated as well in cases where inflammation is excessive, normally in the form of ibuprofen pills or cortisone injections. Stretching exercises and localized massage can also be helpful. The general intent is reducing the inflammation and preventing re-injury. For the latter, doctors normally recommend the purchase of custom orthotic devices to place within shoes, or at the very least, footwear with well-cushioned soles.
In cases where standard treatments have no effect, surgery may be necessary, though this is quite infrequent. More often than not, with proper care plantar fasciitis resolves itself in a matter of days or short weeks.