Weightlifting, also known as Olympic weightlifting, is a sport that involves lifting weights using two lifts: the snatch and the clean and jerk. These lifts require strength, power, and technique, and involve a variety of muscle groups.
The main muscles used in weightlifting are the quadriceps, glutes, and hamstrings in the legs; the traps, lats, and lower back muscles in the back; the shoulders, chest, and triceps in the upper body; and the core muscles in the abdominal and lower back region.
The quadriceps, which are located on the front of the thigh, are responsible for extending the knee and are heavily involved in the clean and jerk lift. The glutes and hamstrings, which are located in the buttocks and the back of the thigh, respectively, help to extend the hip and are also important in the clean and jerk.
The traps, lats, and lower back muscles are used to support the weight of the barbell and to maintain proper posture during the snatch and clean and jerk. The shoulders, chest, and triceps are used to stabilize the barbell and to assist in the pressing movements of the clean and jerk.
The core muscles, including the rectus abdominis, obliques, and erector spinae, are responsible for maintaining stability and balance during the lifts.
Overall, weightlifting requires a combination of strength and technique, and involves the use of multiple muscle groups throughout the body.