What is a Supinator Muscle

The supinator muscle is a muscle located in the upper arm that is responsible for supination, which is the movement of the hand and forearm that turns the palm upwards. The supinator muscle originates at the ulna bone in the lower arm and inserts into the radius bone in the upper arm. It is a small, triangular-shaped muscle that is located deep to the biceps brachii muscle.

When the supinator muscle contracts, it rotates the radius bone, causing the hand and forearm to turn so that the palm faces upwards. This movement is important for activities such as grasping objects or turning a doorknob.

The supinator muscle is innervated by the deep branch of the radial nerve. It works in conjunction with other muscles in the arm, including the biceps brachii and the pronator teres, to perform a variety of movements of the hand and forearm.

Function of the Supinator Muscle

As mentioned previously, the main function of the supinator muscle is to perform supination, which is the movement of the hand and forearm that turns the palm upwards. This movement is important for activities such as grasping objects or turning a doorknob.

In addition to supination, the supinator muscle also helps to stabilize the elbow joint and assist in flexion and extension of the elbow. It works in conjunction with other muscles in the arm to perform these movements.

The supinator muscle is also important for maintaining proper hand and wrist positioning during activities such as writing, typing, or playing musical instruments. Dysfunction or injury to the supinator muscle can affect the ability to perform these activities and may cause pain or discomfort in the arm and elbow.

Common Issues with a Supinator Muscle

There are several common issues that can affect the supinator muscle. These include:

  1. Strains or tears: The supinator muscle can become strained or torn due to overuse or excessive force, such as from lifting heavy objects or playing sports. This can cause pain and discomfort in the upper arm and elbow.
  2. Inflammation: The supinator muscle can become inflamed due to repetitive use or injury, leading to pain and swelling in the upper arm and elbow.
  3. Tendinitis: Tendinitis is an inflammation of the tendons that attach the supinator muscle to the bones in the upper arm and lower arm. It can cause pain and discomfort in the upper arm and elbow.
  4. Compression of the radial nerve: The supinator muscle is innervated by the radial nerve, which runs through the upper arm. Compression or irritation of this nerve, known as radial nerve entrapment, can cause pain and weakness in the hand and wrist.

If you are experiencing pain or discomfort in the upper arm or elbow, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

How to stretch your Supinator Muscle

Here are a few stretches that can help to stretch and loosen the supinator muscle:

  1. Forearm supination stretch: Sit in a chair with your arm resting on a table in front of you, palm facing down. Slowly rotate your hand so that your palm faces upwards, using your other hand to assist if necessary. Hold the stretch for 15-30 seconds, then slowly release and return to the starting position. Repeat the stretch on the other arm.
  2. Wrist flexion and extension stretch: Stand with your arms extended in front of you, palms facing down. Slowly bend your wrists down, bringing your fingertips towards your body. Hold the stretch for 15-30 seconds, then slowly release and return to the starting position. Next, extend your wrists upwards, pointing your fingertips away from your body. Hold the stretch for 15-30 seconds, then slowly release and return to the starting position.
  3. Finger extension stretch: Stand with your arms extended in front of you, palms facing down. Slowly bend your fingers down, bringing your fingertips towards your palms. Hold the stretch for 15-30 seconds, then slowly release and return to the starting position.

It is important to stretch slowly and gently, and to stop the stretch if you experience any pain or discomfort. It is also recommended to consult with a healthcare professional or physical therapist before beginning any new stretching routine.

 

How to Rehab your Supinator Muscle

If you have experienced an injury or dysfunction of the supinator muscle, it is important to follow a rehabilitation program to help improve strength and function. Here are a few tips for rehabilitating the supinator muscle:

  1. Consult with a healthcare professional or physical therapist: They can provide a proper diagnosis and develop a tailored rehabilitation program based on your individual needs and goals.
  2. Rest and reduce inflammation: If you have experienced an injury, it is important to allow the supinator muscle time to heal by resting and avoiding activities that may cause further strain or irritation. Applying ice to the affected area can also help reduce inflammation.
  3. Gradually increase activity: Once the supinator muscle has had time to heal, you can gradually start to incorporate activities that engage and strengthen the muscle. This can include exercises such as wrist curls, finger curls, and supination and pronation exercises. It is important to start slowly and gradually increase the intensity and duration of these exercises as the muscle becomes stronger.
  4. Stretch regularly: Stretching can help to improve flexibility and range of motion in the supinator muscle. It is important to stretch slowly and gently, and to stop the stretch if you experience any pain or discomfort.
  5. Use proper technique: Using proper technique when performing activities that engage the supinator muscle can help to prevent injury and improve function. This may include using proper lifting techniques, warming up before engaging in physical activity, and using proper posture.

It is important to follow a rehabilitation program consistently and as directed by a healthcare professional or physical therapist to achieve the best results. If you are experiencing ongoing pain or discomfort, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional for further evaluation and treatment.

Share This!, Choose Your Platform!

About Athlete’s Choice Massage

Athlete’s Choice Massage was created to provide consistently excellent rehabilitative services for health-conscious people. Our team is extremely well-trained and they take pride in their work. They are constantly striving to learn and better themselves in their respective fields so that they can help you recover and aid in the maintenance of your well-being.

Extensive thought has been put into making our studios modern, comfortable, and convenient for you. We are not a spa. You will not hear trickling water or pan flutes. We will never try to up-sell you on services or push retail on you. Our goal is to simply provide the best therapeutic services you can find in this city. I hope that you will enjoy your experience and come back again soon.

All appointments will begin with a short but in-depth one-on-one assessment. This is your opportunity to point out what area you’d like to work on during your time, as well as identify any special requests or concerns you may have. Should you have more than one area of concern, your therapist will prioritize the chief complaint and create a treatment plan for the time allotted and for follow-ups as needed.

Please note our 24 Hour Cancelation Policy.

With massage therapy being covered by many people’s extended health care benefits, it is now easier than ever to experience the positive effects of therapeutic massage.

We are open 7 days a week from 8:00 am until 8:00 pm at the following locations

South Edmonton | Downtown Edmonton| West EdmontonSherwood Park